Aramco | November 17, 2022
Aramco is making its biggest ever investment in South Korea to develop one of the world's largest refinery-integrated petrochemical steam crackers through its S-OIL affiliate, in line with the company's strategy to maximize the crude to chemicals value chain.
The $7 billion Shaheen project aims to convert crude oil into petrochemical feedstock and would represent the first commercialization of Aramco and Lummus Technology's TC2C thermal crude to chemicals technology, which increases chemical yield and reduces operating costs. It follows an earlier $4 billion investment into the first phase of the petrochemical expansion completed in 2018.
Located at S-Oil's existing site in Ulsan, the new plant is planned to have the capacity to produce up to 3.2 million tons of petrochemicals annually and include a facility to produce high-value polymers. The project is expected to start in 2023 and be completed by 2026.
The steam cracker is expected to process by-products from crude processing, including naphtha and off-gas, to produce ethylene — a building block petrochemical used to make thousands of everyday items. The plant is also expected to produce propylene, butadiene and other basic chemicals.
Aramco President & CEO, Amin H. Nasser, said: "The global petrochemical landscape is rapidly evolving with demand growth anticipated to accelerate, driven in part by rising consumption from Asia's emerging economies. That is why S-Oil's Shaheen is well positioned to meet rising demand for the materials that will be required across the region's key industries. By further integrating refining and chemical processes through the first commercialization of Aramco's thermal crude to chemicals technology, we aim to create a more efficient, competitive and sustainable platform for growth, while paving the way for further downstream expansion."
"Shaheen aspires to be a gamechanger not only for S-OIL in South Korea, but also for our global chemicals business, allowing us to process a greater range of feedstocks in a more efficient and less energy-intensive way. The project represents the first large-scale deployment of Aramco's thermal crude to chemicals technology and shows how, through better design, we can contribute to the transition to more efficient and more sustainable production processes."
Aramco Senior Vice President of Downstream, Mohammed Y. Al Qahtani
The new steam cracker is planned to use mixed feedstocks, outperforming naphtha-based crackers in terms of overall efficiency and performance. Upon project completion, S-OIL chemical yield based on volume could almost double to 25%, which demonstrates the impact of this cutting-edge technology, complementing Aramco's strategy to expand its liquids to chemicals capacity to up to 4 million barrels per day.
Aramco is the majority shareholder of S-OIL, holding more than 63% of the company's shares through its Aramco Overseas Company B.V. subsidiary.
The Chemours Company | November 18, 2022
The Chemours Company a global chemical company with market-leading positions in Titanium Technologies, Thermal & Specialized Solutions, and Advanced Performance Materials, announced an alliance with Bohn de Mexico, a leading commercial and industrial refrigeration equipment technology and manufacturing company with a presence in the Latin American region. As part of the alliance, Bohn de Mexico will adopt the non-ozone depleting and low global warming potential refrigerants, Opteon™ XL20 Opteon™ XL40 and Opteon™ XL10 for its new line of BOHN Ecoflex condensing units.
"Today, users in the refrigeration industry demand efficient and affordable solutions that comply with current environmental regulations and support them in meeting their sustainability goals. The transition to the use of low GWP refrigerants is one of the trends that will define the present and future sustainability of the HVACR industry in Mexico and the world. We are excited to provide Bohn de Mexico with our Opteon™ XL refrigerant solutions for their new line of Ecoflex refrigeration systems."
Miguel Escamilla, Chemours' Opteon™ Refrigerants Development Leader for Mexico CAC and the Andean region
The Opteon™ XL refrigerant line offers very low GWP solutions that fit perfectly with Bohn de Mexico's new generation of Ecoflex equipment that provide cutting-edge technological innovations for optimal energy efficiency of refrigeration systems, as well as help the company meet its sustainability goals. This new equipment will enable an easier transition to sustainable technologies by reducing the need for high investment, operating costs for conversion, and adjustment to all store sizes and refrigeration requirements.
"BOHN is a leader in innovation, quality, service, and customer focus. Every day we innovate using state-of-the-art refrigeration technology, such as the adoption of Chemours' Opteon™ XL refrigerants. At the same time, we support the world to enjoy the benefit of cold in a sustainable way," commented Eloy Espinosa, Director of Engineering and Quality at BOHN.
The frozen food chain also needs an extensive and reliable spare parts supply network. The failure of a component or refrigerant for a few hours can lead to huge losses. The partnership between BOHN and Chemours will also ensure the availability of replacement products at the various locations where the systems will be installed, leveraging Chemours' network of authorized distributors that already supply traditional fluids.
In addition, Chemours continues to invest in the expansion of its Opteon™ production capacity to help meet growing cold chain demand. When Chemours opened its Corpus Christi, Texas facility in June 2019, it more than tripled the company's Opteon™ capacity, making it one of the largest HFO-1234yf production facilities in the world, a distinction it will maintain with its recently announced expansion project. The investment, along with ongoing debottlenecking projects, will further increase Opteon™ capacity by approximately 40%.
From transportation to food vending to air conditioning, Opteon™ refrigerants offer the optimal balance of performance, environmental sustainability, safety, and cost in many downstream industries and applications. These products were developed to meet stringent global environmental regulations while maintaining or improving performance compared to the current products they replace. A recognized leader in the manufacture and supply of sustainable, low GWP hydrofluoroolefins Chemours continues to invest in and meet the needs of its customers as they continue to transition to low GWP refrigerants.
About The Chemours Company
The Chemours Company is a global leader in Titanium Technologies, Thermal & Specialized Solutions, and Advanced Performance Materials providing its customers with solutions in a wide range of industries with market-defining products, application expertise and chemistry-based innovations. We deliver customized solutions with a wide range of industrial and specialty chemicals products for markets, including coatings, plastics, refrigeration and air conditioning, transportation, semiconductor and consumer electronics, general industrial, and oil and gas. Our flagship products include prominent brands such as Ti-Pure™, Opteon™, Freon™, Teflon™, Viton™, Nafion™, and Krytox™. The company has approximately 6,400 employees and 29 manufacturing sites serving approximately 3,200 customers in approximately 120 countries.
Piedmont Lithium | September 05, 2022
Piedmont Lithium a leading global developer of lithium resources critical to the U.S. electric vehicle supply chain, today announced the selection of Etowah, Tennessee in McMinn County as the location of the Company’s planned 30,000 metric ton per year LHP2 lithium hydroxide operation. With a planned completion and start of production in 2025, the Company believes Tennessee Lithium will be the largest lithium hydroxide processing facility constructed in the United States. The Project is expected to convert spodumene concentrate sourced principally from Piedmont’s international project investments to significantly expand the U.S. supply of lithium hydroxide, a key component in the manufacturing of EV batteries.
“Companies like Piedmont Lithium choose to call Tennessee home because of our unmatched workforce and strong business climate,” said Tennessee Governor Bill Lee. “I thank this company for its investment in McMinn County and commitment to create nearly 120 manufacturing jobs for Tennesseans.”
“We are excited to announce the site of our newest project and partnership with the City of Etowah in McMinn County, and the State of Tennessee, as we advance our strategic goal of becoming a leading lithium supplier in the United States. We are humbled by the warm welcome we have received from our new partners, and we look forward to making Piedmont an integral part of the Etowah and McMinn County communities as we develop Tennessee Lithium together for our mutual success.”
Keith Phillips, President and Chief Executive Officer of Piedmont Lithium
Piedmont’s Tennessee Lithium facility should be among the first lithium hydroxide plants built with the innovative Metso:Outotec process. This process eliminates the acid-leaching of spodumene and the production sodium sulfate waste, which will make Tennessee Lithium one of the world’s most sustainable lithium hydroxide operations.
Tennessee Lithium’s production target of 30,000 tpy of lithium hydroxide will complement the Company’s planned Carolina Lithium operation to bring our estimated total U.S.-based production capacity of 60,000 tpy by 2026. Current total U.S. production of lithium hydroxide is just 15,000 tpy.
“The rapid electrification of the automotive market has led to massive investments in electric vehicle and lithium-ion battery production in the United States, creating a critical need for lithium hydroxide produced in the U.S.,” said Phillips. “Our Tennessee Lithium operation should play an important role in helping to mitigate supply shortages in the American EV industry and battery supply chain, particularly in the wake of recent legislation incentivizing the use of domestically sourced critical materials and providing tax credits for U.S. producers.”
The Project’s location in Tennessee was selected for its cooperative government relations, access to excellent infrastructure including rail, road and river transportation, a talented workforce, a constructive business climate, as well as its proximity to the battery and automotive plants being constructed by prospective customers, and the Company’s headquarters and Carolina Lithium project, both in Gaston County, North Carolina.
Front-End Engineering Design (“FEED”) for Tennessee Lithium will be performed by Kiewit and Primero. Kiewit Corporation, ranked 3rd in Engineering News Record’s 2022 Top 400 Contractors, is a U.S. based construction company and a leading Engineer, Procure, and Construct (“EPC”) firm. Primero Group is a specialized design-build firm with strong lithium industry know-how that has supported Piedmont’s development since early 2018. FEED will conclude in H1 2023 and position Piedmont to sign an EPC contract for the construction of Tennessee Lithium upon completion of permitting and project financing activities. As part of FEED, Kiewit and Primero are expected to complete a DFS for Tennessee Lithium by the end of 2022.
“Site selection and FEED award are important 2022 milestones toward potential first production from Tennessee Lithium in 2025,” said Piedmont Lithium EVP and Chief Operating Officer Patrick Brindle. “We’re pleased to align ourselves with top-tier contractors Kiewit and Primero and, having announced our site selection, we will proceed to develop the relevant permit applications for the Project. Tennessee Lithium is expected to share many attributes with our planned Carolina Lithium operations, including the use of the core Metso:Outotec technology package. In conjunction with FEED, the Kiewit and Primero teams should leverage the work we’ve accomplished over the past several years to deliver a definitive feasibility study of Tennessee Lithium by the end of this year. We hope to break ground here in Etowah on the earliest practically achievable timeline.”
Based on prior studies, Piedmont plans to invest approximately $600 million in the development of the operation. The Tennessee Lithium Project is expected to drive significant economic activity and create approximately 120 new, direct jobs.
About Piedmont Lithium
Piedmont Lithium is developing a world-class, multi-asset, integrated lithium business focused on enabling the transition to a net zero world and the creation of a clean energy economy in North America. Our goal is to become one of the largest lithium hydroxide producers in North America by processing spodumene concentrate produced from assets where we hold an economic interest. Our projects include our wholly-owned Carolina Lithium and LHP-2 Projects in the United States and partnerships in Quebec with Sayona Mining (ASX:SYA) and in Ghana with Atlantic Lithium (AIM:ALL). These geographically diversified operations will enable us to play a pivotal role in supporting America’s move toward decarbonization and the electrification of transportation and energy storage.