Current Uses of Synthetic Biology for Renewable Chemicals, Pharmaceuticals, and Biofuels

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Isoprene is an important commodity chemical used in a variety of applications, including the production of synthetic rubber. Isoprene is naturally produced by nearly all living things (including humans, plants and bacteria); the metabolite dimethylallyl pyrophosphate is converted into isoprene by the enzyme isoprene synthase.

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ZIC MOTOR OIL

Hi-Tech Lubricants is ISO 9001:2015 Certified Company. Hi-Tech Lubricants is a part of the MAS group of companies and has been marketing lubricants in Pakistan for the last 20 years. We have been hitherto focusing marketing efforts mainly in the retail markets and our performance in industrial sector has been satisfactory and our products are available in more than seventy-two stations in Pakistan through our network of distributors.

OTHER ARTICLES

CHEMICAL SPILL PREVENTION

Article | February 28, 2020

When it comes to your workplace, nothing should be prioritized over the safety of your employees. As your greatest asset to your business, they should feel safe in their work environment. Maintaining a safe work environment is a particularly important consideration for companies who work with or store hazardous materials. And it is not only critical for the appeasement of the Occupational Health and Safety Administration (OSHA) and the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) requirements but the well-being and safety of your employees. That’s why, in this article, we will discuss chemical spill prevention in your workplace facility.

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Petrochemicals in PA: What You Need to Know

Article | February 28, 2020

A bill recently passed by the Pennsylvania General Assembly would subsidize the use of fracked gas to produce petrochemicals. At some point—i.e., at a time chosen by the state Senate—H B 1100 will be sent to Governor Wolf, who has promised a veto despite override threats. Meanwhile, Pennsylvanians are trying to understand the bill and its potential impacts. That hasn't been easy, because as with the petrochemical subsidy bills Pennsylvania enacted in 2012, the General Assembly has not held a single hearing on the legislation. The purpose of this blog is to help fill that gap.

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CHEMICAL MANAGEMENT

Demographics are reshaping petrochemicals trade flows, investment patterns and demand

Article | February 28, 2020

TEN YEARS AGO, fellowblogger Paul Hodgesand Ifirst highlighted the leading rolethat changing demographics would play in reshaping petrochemicals supply and demand. We have been emphasising the importance of demographics ever since. Demographics have, of course, always been a critical shaper of economies throughout human history. But during the last 70 years, there have been such major changes in demographics that the study of demographics must be at the very heart of your company’s strategy. The Babyboomer generation in the West led to a surge in demand as the rapid increase in babies born in the 1950s and early 1960s joined the workforce from the 1970s onwards. This helps explain high levels of inflation during that decade because too much demand was chasing too little supply. Another driver of inflation was the Middle East embargos against oil exports to the West because of the West’s support for Israel. Then came the 1990s and first the integration of Eastern Europe into the global economy. This helped dampen inflationary pressures because of the plentiful supply of workers in the east willing to work for low wages in export-focused factories. This reduced the cost of finished goods in the West. Next came Deng Xiaoping’s critically important“southern tour”in the early 1990s and China’s gradual integration into the global economy. China increasingly leveraged its very youthful population to again make cheap goods to export to the West. Hundreds of millions of young people were willing to migrate from the countryside to China’s coastal cities to work in export-focused manufacturing plants. The world began to talk about the “China price” and how it was further depressing global inflation.

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CHEMICAL TECHNOLOGY

Closing the loop: Real-time measurement of oil in water for process facilities

Article | February 28, 2020

When an oilfield’s reservoir pressure is depleted during primary recovery, additional oil can be recovered by recycling the produced water and injecting it back into the reservoir. Water management is critical for such water and water-alternating-gas (WAG) floods. In its Permian basin operations, Occidental recovers, recycles, and re-injects large volumes of water for its enhanced oil recovery (EOR) operations. With real-time monitoring of oil in water (OiW) delivering reliable and continuous data, Occidental identified a way to optimize the recovery process and is working with NOV to expand the use of OiW monitoring equipment.

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Spotlight

ZIC MOTOR OIL

Hi-Tech Lubricants is ISO 9001:2015 Certified Company. Hi-Tech Lubricants is a part of the MAS group of companies and has been marketing lubricants in Pakistan for the last 20 years. We have been hitherto focusing marketing efforts mainly in the retail markets and our performance in industrial sector has been satisfactory and our products are available in more than seventy-two stations in Pakistan through our network of distributors.

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